Practically 20 years after the term “biotechnology” was first utilized in 1919 by Karl Erkey, a Hungarian engineer, hybrid corn was developed in America through self-pollination. It was in 1933 when hybrid corn became commercially available in the US and caused corn yields to triple. This, plus different developments such as the invention that DNA is a genetic molecule, helped launch the so-called Green Revolution in lots of countries.
Based on the biotech timeline prepared by the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA), the modern biotechnology era started in 1973 when scientists Herbert Boyer and Stanley Cohen successfully spliced a gene from one organism and moved it into one other. In 1978, Boyer’s lab created an artificial version of the human insulin gene. Four years later, scientists would form the primary transgenic plant—a tobacco plant resistant to the antibiotic. This paved the best way for desirable traits, akin to insect resistance, to be transferred to a plant.
Extra genetically modified crops had been developed within the 1990s, but it surely took a while for these crops to achieve the Philippines. The country began cultivating GM corn—the Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) maize—in 2003. Earlier than permitting the sale of Bt corn seeds to farmers, the government developed a set of tips contained in Administrative Order 8, Sequence of 2002. AO 8 was the first set of biotech pointers launched in Southeast Asia and is taken into account stringent on account of its quite a few necessities.
ISAAA knowledge confirmed that Filipino farmers earned an estimated $560 million from planting GM corn from 2003 to 2014. Other than rising farmers’ income, GM corn additionally helped the Philippines in reaching self-sufficiency in corn. The rise in corn production supported the continual growth of the livestock and aquaculture sectors that are depending on feeds.